What Is B12 Vitamin?

B12, a water-soluble vitamin, can be stored in the body, albeit in small amounts. The vitamin, also known as cobalamin due to the cobalt mineral it contains, is stored in the liver of a healthy person, approximately 2 mg, and 2 milligrams in other body parts, a total of 4 mg. Vitamin B12, which is recommended to be taken daily due to its low storage amount, is found in foods of animal origin. The vitamin, which can be synthesized in small amounts in the large intestine and small intestine in the human body, loses its function when exposed to high heat.


What Are the Benefits of B12?

It works with folic acid in the production of red cells in the blood, and the synthesis of DNA and myelin.

Vitamin B12, which is involved in the synthesis of myelin sheaths surrounding nerve cells, increases the speed of electrical signal transmission.

It takes part in the reabsorption of amino acids and it synthesized by the body. It is effective in the functions of minerals such as zinc and magnesium.


Vitamin B12 Deficiency

B12 deficiency can cause anemia. Palpitations, decreased effort capacity, fatigue and weakness, concentration disorders, and darkening may develop due to anemia, which is defined as pernicious anemia.

Diarrhea can be seen with redness and burning sensation in the tongue, sores in the mouth, and night contractions in the legs.

There is tingling and numbness in the feet, legs, arms, and hands and deterioration in mental functions.

It can cause problems such as memory loss and forgetfulness, especially in the elderly. Decreases in B12 absorption and storage by the body are observed with age. B12 deficiency plays an effective role in the formation of depression in individuals over the age of 65.

B12 deficiency prevents the synthesis of new cells and causes the metabolism to slow down.

It can also be observed that B12 deficiency causes hair loss in some cases. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are also checked in patients who wonder how hair transplantation is done. However, the cause of male pattern hair loss or baldness is usually genetic factors rather than vitamin deficiency.